ATT&CK-CN V1.01 Last Update: 2019-11 [返回索引页]

译者: 林妙倩、戴亦仑 原创翻译作品,如果需要转载请取得翻译作者同意。

数据来源:ATT&CK Matrices


术语表: /attack/glossary




Adversaries may modify visual content available internally or externally to an enterprise network. Reasons for Defacement include delivering messaging, intimidation, or claiming (possibly false) credit for an intrusion.




An adversary may deface systems internal to an organization in an attempt to intimidate or mislead users. This may take the form of modifications to internal websites, or directly to user systems with the replacement of the desktop wallpaper.[1] Disturbing or offensive images may be used as a part of Defacement in order to cause user discomfort, or to pressure compliance with accompanying messages. While internally defacing systems exposes an adversary's presence, it often takes place after other intrusion goals have been accomplished.




Websites are a common victim of defacement; often targeted by adversary and hacktivist groups in order to push a political message or spread propaganda.[3][4][5] Defacement may be used as a catalyst to trigger events, or as a response to actions taken by an organization or government. Similarly, website defacement may also be used as setup, or a precursor, for future attacks such as Drive-by Compromise.[6]


编号: T1491

策略: 影响

平台: Linux,macOS,Windows

数据源: 数据包捕获,Web应用程序防火墙日志,Web日志,数据包捕获

影响类型: 完整性


缓解 描述
数据备份 考虑实施IT灾难恢复计划,其中包含用于进行可用于还原组织数据的常规数据备份的过程。确保备份存储在系统之外,并且免受攻击者可能用来获取访问权限并破坏备份以防止恢复的常见方法的攻击。
Mitigation Description
Data Backup Consider implementing IT disaster recovery plans that contain procedures for taking regular data backups that can be used to restore organizational data. Ensure backups are stored off system and is protected from common methods adversaries may use to gain access and destroy the backups to prevent recovery.



Monitor internal and external websites for unplanned content changes. Monitor application logs for abnormal behavior that may indicate attempted or successful exploitation. Use deep packet inspection to look for artifacts of common exploit traffic, such as SQL injection. Web Application Firewalls may detect improper inputs attempting exploitation.