CVE-2002-1184
CVSS4.6
发布时间 :2002-11-12 00:00:00
修订时间 :2008-09-10 15:14:01
NMCOS    

[原文]The system root folder of Microsoft Windows 2000 has default permissions of Everyone group with Full access (Everyone:F) and is in the search path when locating programs during login or application launch from the desktop, which could allow attackers to gain privileges as other users via Trojan horse programs.


[CNNVD]Microsoft Windows 2000/NT路径优先漏洞(MS02-064)(CNNVD-200211-029)

        
        Micorsoft Windows是流行的视窗操作系统,Micorsoft Windows当应用程序的绝对路径没有指定的情况下会使用Path系统变量进行搜索。
        Micorsoft Windows在当应用程序没有指定绝对路径时搜索方法存在缺陷,本地攻击者可以利用这个漏洞在系统中放置木马,并以其他同系统登录用户安全权限执行。
        在Windows 2000中,默认对系统ROOT文件夹(一般是C:\)提供Everyone组全部访问权限(Everyone:F)。在多数情况下,系统ROOT没有包含在搜索路径中。可是,在某些情况下,如在登录或者当应用程序直接从Windows窗口通过开始|运行调用的情况下,它却包含在搜索路径下。
        这种情况可以导致攻击者使用木马程序对同一系统用户进行攻击,攻击者可以通过在系统ROOT目录中建立与原系统程序相同名字的木马程序,等待其他用户登录系统和调用木马程序。这个木马程序就会以当前登录用户的权限执行。
        最简单的攻击环境是攻击者在知道登录脚本要调用的特定系统程序,在这种情况下,攻击者可以建立与系统程序相同名的木马程序,然后在下一次其他用户登录的时候被调用。其他环境的攻击需要严重的依靠用户交互,如诱使用户通过开始|启动来运行木马程序。
        

- CVSS (基础分值)

CVSS分值: 4.6 [中等(MEDIUM)]
机密性影响: PARTIAL [很可能造成信息泄露]
完整性影响: PARTIAL [可能会导致系统文件被修改]
可用性影响: PARTIAL [可能会导致性能下降或中断资源访问]
攻击复杂度: LOW [漏洞利用没有访问限制 ]
攻击向量: LOCAL [漏洞利用需要具有物理访问权限或本地帐户]
身份认证: NONE [漏洞利用无需身份认证]

- CPE (受影响的平台与产品)

cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp1:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp1 server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp1:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp1:datacenter_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP1
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0::server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp5:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp5 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6a:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp3:datacenter_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP3
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp3:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp3 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0::enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6a:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp6a workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp2:advanced_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP2
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp2:professionalMicrosoft Windows 2000 Professional SP2
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp3:serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Server SP3
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp2:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp2 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000:::advanced_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp1:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp1 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp3:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp4:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp4 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp5:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000:::professional
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6a:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp6a server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp1:professionalMicrosoft Windows 2000 Professional SP1
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000:::datacenter_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp3:professionalMicrosoft Windows 2000 Professional SP3
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp2:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp1:serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Server SP1
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp2:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp2 server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp4:enterprise_server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp3:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp3 server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp3:advanced_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP3
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp2:datacenter_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP2
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000:::server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp5:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp5 server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp1:advanced_serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP1
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0::workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp6 server
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_2000::sp2:serverMicrosoft Windows 2000 Server SP2
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp6:workstationMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp6 workstation
cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_nt:4.0:sp4:serverMicrosoft Windows 4.0 sp4 server

- OVAL (用于检测的技术细节)

未找到相关OVAL定义

- 官方数据库链接

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2002-1184
(官方数据源) MITRE
http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2002-1184
(官方数据源) NVD
http://www.cnnvd.org.cn/vulnerability/show/cv_cnnvdid/CNNVD-200211-029
(官方数据源) CNNVD

- 其它链接及资源

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms02-064.asp
(VENDOR_ADVISORY)  MS  MS02-064
http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/9779
(VENDOR_ADVISORY)  XF  win2k-partition-weak-permissions(9779)
http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/5415
(UNKNOWN)  BID  5415

- 漏洞信息

Microsoft Windows 2000/NT路径优先漏洞(MS02-064)
中危 设计错误
2002-11-12 00:00:00 2005-05-13 00:00:00
本地  
        
        Micorsoft Windows是流行的视窗操作系统,Micorsoft Windows当应用程序的绝对路径没有指定的情况下会使用Path系统变量进行搜索。
        Micorsoft Windows在当应用程序没有指定绝对路径时搜索方法存在缺陷,本地攻击者可以利用这个漏洞在系统中放置木马,并以其他同系统登录用户安全权限执行。
        在Windows 2000中,默认对系统ROOT文件夹(一般是C:\)提供Everyone组全部访问权限(Everyone:F)。在多数情况下,系统ROOT没有包含在搜索路径中。可是,在某些情况下,如在登录或者当应用程序直接从Windows窗口通过开始|运行调用的情况下,它却包含在搜索路径下。
        这种情况可以导致攻击者使用木马程序对同一系统用户进行攻击,攻击者可以通过在系统ROOT目录中建立与原系统程序相同名字的木马程序,等待其他用户登录系统和调用木马程序。这个木马程序就会以当前登录用户的权限执行。
        最简单的攻击环境是攻击者在知道登录脚本要调用的特定系统程序,在这种情况下,攻击者可以建立与系统程序相同名的木马程序,然后在下一次其他用户登录的时候被调用。其他环境的攻击需要严重的依靠用户交互,如诱使用户通过开始|启动来运行木马程序。
        

- 公告与补丁

        临时解决方法:
        如果您不能立刻安装补丁或者升级,CNNVD建议您采取以下措施以降低威胁:
        * 对系统ROOT目录设置如下权限:
        Administrators: Full (This Folder, Subfolder and Files)
        Creators Owners: Full (Subfolders and Files)
        System: Full (This Folder, Subfolder and Files)
        Everyone: Read and Execute (This Folder Only)
        * 客户可以使用安全模板在[File Security]段增加如下行以设置正确的权限:
        "%SystemDrive%\",0,"D:AR(A;OICI;GA;;;BA)(A;OICI;GA;;;SY)(A;OICIIO;GA;;;CO)
        (A;CIOI;GRGX;;;BU)(A;CI;0x00000004;;;BU)(A;CIIO;0x00000002;;;BU)(A;;GRGX
        厂商补丁:
        Microsoft
        ---------
        Microsoft已经为此发布了一个安全公告(MS02-064):
        MS02-064:Windows 2000 Default Permissions Could Allow Trojan Horse Program (Q327522)
        链接:
        http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-064.asp

        此漏洞Microsoft认为安全的管理过程比补丁更需要。

- 漏洞信息

13415
Microsoft Windows 2000 System Root Folder Search Path Permission Weakness

- 漏洞描述

Unknown or Incomplete

- 时间线

2002-08-03 Unknow
Unknow Unknow

- 解决方案

Unknown or Incomplete

- 相关参考

- 漏洞作者

Unknown or Incomplete

- 漏洞信息

Microsoft Windows 2000 / NT Path Precedence Vulnerability
Design Error 4683
No Yes
2002-10-30 12:00:00 2009-07-11 12:46:00
Discovered by Jason V. Miller <jmiller@securityfocus.com> of the SecurityFocus Analyst Team.

- 受影响的程序版本

Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP6a
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP6
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP5
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP4
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP3
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP2
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 SP1
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP6a
+ Avaya DefinityOne Media Servers
+ Avaya DefinityOne Media Servers
+ Avaya IP600 Media Servers
+ Avaya IP600 Media Servers
+ Avaya S3400 Message Application Server 0
+ Avaya S8100 Media Servers 0
+ Avaya S8100 Media Servers 0
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP6
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP5
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP4
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP3
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP2
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 SP1
Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP6a
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP6
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP5
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP4
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP3
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP2
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0 SP1
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Server 4.0
Microsoft Windows 2000 Terminal Services SP3
+ Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP3
+ Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP3
+ Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP3
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP3
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP1
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
+ Avaya DefinityOne Media Servers
+ Avaya IP600 Media Servers
+ Avaya S3400 Message Application Server 0
+ Avaya S8100 Media Servers 0
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP3
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP1
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional
Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP3
Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP1
Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP3
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP1
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Microsoft Windows XP Professional

- 不受影响的程序版本

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

- 漏洞讨论

Microsoft Windows uses a system variable called the Path in order to search for an application when an absolute path to the application is not specified. A flaw exists in the way that Windows NT and 2000 searches for an application when the path is not specified.

By default, the root of the system drive is not specified in the Path variable. If an operating system file is called, either by the user or the system, without specifying the absolute path, Windows will search the root before searching directories listed in the Path variable.

- 漏洞利用

There is no exploit code necessary to take advantage of this vulnerability. An attacker would simply place any executable file in the root of the drive and rename it to match a Windows System file's name.

- 解决方案

Currently the SecurityFocus staff are not aware of any vendor-supplied patches for this issue. If you feel we are in error or are aware of more recent information, please mail us at: vuldb@securityfocus.com <mailto:vuldb@securityfocus.com>.

- 相关参考

 

 

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